Tree Surgery Services
Professional & dedicated tree surgery
Tree Felling and Removal
Felling a tree can be a dangerous practice—so should always be carried out by trained professionals with the correct equipment. At JW Tree Surgery & Gardens our team are all highly experienced and qualified with NPTC, CSCS and IPAF accreditation.
The process begins with a survey of the area and an inspection of the tree to decide the best direction of felling and deciding on an appropriate retreat route for all staff and attendants.
The tree will be scanned for dead branches, loose bark, cracks and disease. The base of the tree will also be examined for root instability, uprooted trees, problematic positioning and any other situation that could be dangerous or affect the smooth and trouble-free felling your tree.
Limbs and buttress roots are often removed in advance to prevent injury or damage using chainsaws, axes, saws, wedges and other specialist equipment. Each of our team is trained and qualified to use these specialist tools and to react safely to all circumstances and events that could happen during the process.
The tree will be felled utilising a system of specialist cuts made in different directions to dictate and control which way the tree will finally fall.
Pruning should never damage or impair the health of the tree. Inexperienced operatives are more than likely to cause this type of damage through a lack of understanding in what the tree needs to thrive, and the best ways to achieve it.
Reasons for pruning
Many of the common reasons for pruning a tree are aesthetical. In order for your tree to look its best, the branches can be strategically removed or trimmed to create the ideal shape for your tree and for its optimum health. Creating the best structure for your tree can also reduce the risk of falling and remove the danger of falling branches.
Basic pruning principles
Pruning can be a dangerous task, so it’s always important that the work is carried out with the correct tools and utilising the proper safety equipment. Pruning is often a necessary action where a tree has been grown in less than ideal situations, so to make up for the lack of its natural development, an expert in pruning can manufacture shaping and growth to compensate where nature can’t always follow its best path.
The process creates wounds to impact the plant’s processes. Sadly, without the correct understanding and application, pruning can cause severe damage and in the worst-case scenario, even the death of your tree. The branches are responsible for the tree’s ability to gather sunlight for the production of food and also for its geometrical balance; so where incorrect pruning is carried out, these issues can be directly responsible for the poor growth or decline of your tree.
Pruning is regularly required to remove dead, damaged or dying parts, and also to maintain the correct shape for optimum growth.
Pollarding is an act of pruning that keeps trees and shrubs smaller than they would naturally grow. Generally, this method is started when a tree reaches a certain height, and the annual pollarding will maintain that size in a healthy manner.
This process is ideal for the prevention of trees outgrowing their environment or interfering with other plants and trees. It can also reduce the amount of shade it casts in areas where sunlight is required.
The best times to pollard are late winter or early spring. However, for certain species, summer can offer preferable advantages, so it’s always best to consult an expert to be sure your tree receives the best possible treatment.
Stump Grinding and Removal
Tree stumps can be a trip hazard, interfere with building work and lawn quality, cause lawn mower damage and impede or obscure access. A stump isn’t always harmful to the land if allowed to remain in the ground, and they are often processed to become an attractive feature in a garden and can be replanted in a more appropriate location if desired.
JW Tree Surgery & Gardens offer nuisance stump removal, and the most popular way is to use a stump grinder to slowly and efficiently have the stump ground out by the progressive lowering of its large cutter wheel and blades into the stump until completely removed.
The act of deadwooding is carried out to remove dead, broken or vulnerable limbs and branches before they cause further damage to the tree or injury through accidental falling, on people below. We often carry out deadwooding in commercial and public environments as it forms an integral part of health and safety policy.
Without deadwooding, rot and poor health can cause additional damage that could eventually lead to fungus issues and problems that could render the tree beyond help.
Crown Raising, Cleaning, Thinning and Reduction
Crown raising is the process carried out to elevate the bottom branches of the tree to allow safe access for traffic or pedestrians, to remove obstructions to lines of sight, or simply to create a more attractive appearance of your tree.
Removing the lower branches is an important process and requires a good knowledge of tree growth. The lowest branches will remain the lowest on the tree however big it grows, so correct selection is critical.
For the promotion of the tree’s best health, a live crown ratio (LCR) of 60% of higher should be adhered to through its life. This is the height of the canopy of branches to trunk ratio and should be around 2/3. An LCR of less than 60% can cause the trunk taper to grow adversely, and result in susceptibility to high winds.
Crown cleaning is carried out to improve the appearance and the healthy growth of your tree. By removing dead or diseased branches, or those that cross and rub or are poorly attached, it gives space and opportunity for the best growth to the main branches and the healthiest shoots. The primary objective is to protect the tree via this method of ‘cleaning’ but with the minimal removal of live tissue.
Crown thinning reduces the density of the canopy to allow a healthier range of foliage and more light to be able to pass through the canopy. Light is essential to the growth of the tree and the strength of its structure.
Reduction cuts shorten branches and limbs back to an equal or smaller diameter. Reduction is used for improving the structure and directing growth. It can remove defects and decrease the overall size. The density and weight of the branches are also reduced offering a reduction to potential storm damage.
Additional Tree Work Services:
We are suitably qualified and experienced to carry out all manner of Woodland Management processes, to promote a variety of professional, environmental or recreational end uses. These could be directed into timber production, game breeding and conservation or for sports, relaxation and leisure.
Our site clearance service provides a range of methods to prepare your land for future development or construction. We will remove trees, bushes, brush and more to the standard you require for the next step of your project.
Dead and diseased tree dismantling by cherry picker
Utilising a cherry picker gives us an extra level of access when dismantling a tree that our climbers would often struggle to achieve. We will assess all elements of risk and carry out the best practices for the use of handsaws and chainsaws from this type of access.
Re-grassing and turfing
After we carry out the removal of your tree, we can offer a range of ways to utilise the space left behind. As turfing specialists, we can seed bare patches and turf complete lawn areas to provide the look and practicality that the new empty space may lend itself to.
Eco plugging is a system to prevent the regrowth of trees. Small plugs are inserted into a tree or stump to kill it and prevent further growth. This method kills of the entire root system but only the root system, offering safe management for people and animals. It also minimises the use of chemicals by 90% compared to traditional methods.
Whether we perform a stump grinding removal or not after the felling of a tree, we will often recommend root removal. Although dead tree stumps are usually harmless, roots can be prone to disease and root rot, so should be removed to avoid unnecessary issues. We have a variety of means to carry out this process and will be happy to provide the most appropriate one for your circumstances.